Juangs are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of Odisha inhabited in Keonjhar district. With limited education, lack of skill, poor economic condition, poor health, primitive agricultural and nutritional practices and limited employment opportunities in the villages they seem to be surviving outside the mainstream. SGF is involved in livelihood promotion of Juang PVTG to minimize the malnutrition and enhance income through Vegetable/ Tuber crop promotion, livestock, and horticultural activities by giving technical support to JUANGA DEVELOPMENT AGENCY of Government of Odisha
A COLLABORATIVE INITIATIVE BY SGF, NABARD and DRDA UPSCALED TO A CLUSTER WITH THE SUPPORT OF ODISHA LIVELIHOOD MISSION.
SGF initiated a pickle processing unit was established to enhance the income of 200 poor women form 21 SHGs of Telkoi block in collaboration with DRDA and NABARD. A mango co-operative has been formed in the name of OM
SGF started a badi making unit involving women from 17 SHGs of Joda with the support of ESSEL MINING. Necessary training and handholding support were provided by SGF with its trained staff.
Despite government’s renewed efforts in improving nutritional status of mother and child, the achievements in this regards are abysmal. There is absolutely no change for children born with low birth weight (2.5kg) in Odisha between NFHS-III (2005-06) and AHS (2011-12). The portion of underweight children under 3 years is as high as 40% in Odisha (NFHS-III). Over and above the tribal dominated district like Keonjhar has a very low level of achievements in terms of children not breast fed within one hour of birth (24%), exclusive breast feeding upto 6 months (33%), children in 6-35 months consuming IFA syrup (17%),mothers who consumed 100 IFA tablets for 100 days is only 27% as per AHS (2011-12). A remarkable portion (out of which majority belong to tribals) fall under BPL category. The increased per capita income of Keonjhar district (Rs.29022 in Keonjhar against Rs. 23968 in Odisha) seem to have not translated into improved maternal and child nutritional status and health indicators. The unhygienic and primitive nutrition practices with high infant and maternal mortality among the Juang and other tribal groups calls for integrated health and nutrition interventions in the area. SG foundation is engaged in training in Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMNCI) and Home Based Neonatal Care (HBNC) for frontline health workers and ASHAs respectively.
Under nutrition is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity and is an underlying factor in almost one- third to half of all children under five years who die each year of preventable causes. Strong evidence exists on synergy between under nutrition and child mortality due to common childhood illnesses including diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, malaria and measles. To prevent deaths due to severe acute malnutrition (SAM), specialized residential training programmes for frontline health service providers were organized for 8 days under IMNCI with the support of NRHM in Keonjhar District. SGF imparted all frontline health service providers like AWW, ANM, LHV and AYUSH DOCTORS in three venues including two in Keonjhar and one in Saharpada block.
If water is life, sanitation is surely a ‘way of life’ and access to such facilities has an impact on the quality of human life and health. Lack of adequate sanitation is a pressing challenge in rural India. Sanitation-related diseases take a heavy toll of lives, especially children’s lives, and are a drain on productivity and incomes. Lack of adequate sanitation also forces households into the continued indignity of open defecation, which is an acute problem especially for women and young girls. Improving access to sanitation is therefore appropriately included in the Millennium Development Goals.
SGF has successfully implemented programmes on rural sanitation in 2 gram panchayet (Talachampai and Baragad) under Banspal block of Keonjhar district. A total of 1700 households have been involved in this programme. SGF saturate Talachampai GP by completing 100% toilet in every household.
The following activities have been undertaken under the programme during the reporting year.
Start Up Activity: Base Line Survey, orientation of key personnel at the GP level
IEC Activities: Information, Education & Communication is a very important component of the programme. It strives to bring about behavior change and trigger demand for sanitation facilities in Household, School, AWC, as well as promote Community toilet and Solid & Liquid Waste Management through provision of information & awareness generation.
Capacity Building: Build the capacities of different stakeholders like PRI members, AWW, ASHA, SEM, Engineers, SWSM & DWSM members, BC, CC, Sanitation volunteers, SHG members, Masons, VWSC members etc.
Construction of Individual Household Latrines: The mission aims to ensure that all rural families have access to toilets. SGF has completed the toilet of 1700 HH in two gram panchayet.
Neonatal deaths contribute to two thirds of infant deaths and half of under five deaths. So provision of Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) is critical during this period. Reduction of neonatal deaths would contribute to the reduction of Infant and Child mortality. Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) through ASHAs is being implemented in Odisha under NRHM in order to achieve the same objectives.
SGF facilitated training of ASHAs in module 6 & 7 in order to undertake Home Based New Born Care (HBNC) at the community level. The field training of ASHAs was conducted in Four Rounds. Each round was of Five days duration. The training was completely residential in nature in order to facilitate and maximize effective transaction of training module and effective learning during the training period. SGF conducted 5 days residential training program in its own infrastructure at Kapundi village of Saharpada Block and covered all ASHA from three blocks of Keonjhar district namely Saharpada, Patna and Harichandanpur.