SG Foundation is working towards improving livelihoods of tribals and other marginalized groups from subsistence to sustenance and expanding employment opportunities though skill development.
Increasing population pressure, lack of investment and technological progress are taking heavy toll on the quality of productive natural resource base in the sub-tropical region of Keonjhar district of Odisha. Water scarcity, land degradation and productivity loss are major challenges to the eradication of poverty. The rain-fed areas of Keonjhar are characterized by erratic rainfall (though the average annual rainfall is as high as 1300 mm mainly concentrated for few days between June-September resulting in quick runoff and high erosion), frequent droughts; and agricultural production is uncertain and risky on the degraded soils and depleted water resource. Due to these adverse conditions, agricultural productivity and farmers' incomes are low and highly variable.
With this backdrop, two integrated watershed management program is in progress science last 2015 by SGF with support from NABARD under its Watershed Development Fund (WDF) in Banspal block of Keonjhar district.
The main features of a Wadi model are economic upliftment of the farmers through sustainable agriculture, social empowerment, improvement in quality of life including health and women empowerment in tribal dominated areas of the country. The broad interventions are in the areas of land use planning, soil and water harvesting measures and improved farming based agro-forestry practices. Therefore, Wadi not only strengthens the agrarian livelihoods of the tribal households, but also increases food and nutritional security.
The core objective of promoting wadi programme is to develop tribal and mostly primitive tribal families by providing wadi (small orchard), soil conservation measures, water resources development, health care, income generation programmes for women groups and try to enhance the food and nutrition security of the tribal . A combination of Mango, Sapeta and Teak as a forestry species on the periphery of the land holdings will constitute a WADI. Apart from the WADI, other development interventions in the areas of environment, gender and health, soil conservation in the WADIs, water resource development, agriculture development, women development, health are interlaced around the WADI for overall improvement of Tribal.
The Wadi is representing a unique opportunity for tribal community to get greater control over their own development and management of their natural resources. In practice, however the community needs to develop considerable capacity for self-development to be able to take advantage of these provisions in future.
Most of (more than 500 acres) WADI land belongs to FRA, so the lands are mostly unutilized and uncultivated. They do not get any single return from the said land.
To encourage the use of efficient tools, implements and machines which raise farm productivity and reduce cost, there is a need of farm mechanization in tribal areas particularly among the small and marginal land holders. Thus, SG Foundation emphasizes on the promotion and popularization of improved agricultural implements, both power-operated and animal drawn. The programmes of farm mechanization have led to the use of farm machinery such as tractors, power tillers, combine harvesters, irrigation equipment, plant protection equipment, threshers, improved implements and hand tools. To decrease the input cost of farmers and increase productivity
With the help of Aditya Birla Group, Agriculture Department and Horticulture department SGF has distributed Tractor, Power tiller, pumps, sprayer and Drip Irrigation system to NINE farmers club from nine villages in the periphery area of ESSEL mining to promote mechanization of the agricultural practices in presence of PD DRDA , DAO-Champua, SGM, CSR, ESSEL MINING.
Farmers' Club Programme is an appropriate and most suitable strategy for transmitting the latest agriculture techniques to the Farmers' field, orienting them to establish better relationship with banks, adoption of latest post-harvest handling technology, value addition, etc. and enjoy the benefits of collective bargaining power both for procuring inputs and selling their produce.
To address the burning issue of uncertainty in farm based income and farmer's rights, there is a need to act jointly with all the stakeholders, basically with the primary stakeholders. The farmers and SGF with the support of NABARD formed 13 no of farmers club in Telkoi block of Keonjhar in the year 2013.
SGF and Farmers club in partnership with ATMA and RKVY of Agriculture department are involved in mixed cropping (maize+ groundnut), Line Transplanting of Paddy and Maize line sowing in Telkoi block which has helped the farmers to enhance maximize their production .
SGF, NABARD and BANK join their hands to support the farmers in the same block are also being supported for taking up scientific cultivation of TERMERIC in a cluster approach.
HOW MACHAN IS A SOLUTION OF THESE ????
THE INOVATION ON TRIPEL LYRE MACHAN SYSTEM OF VEGETABLE CULTIVATION GOT SELECTED BY IIT-DELHI FOR INDIA-INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FESTIVAL.