Livelihood

SG Foundation is working towards improving livelihoods of tribals and other marginalized groups from subsistence to sustenance and expanding employment opportunities though skill development.

Natural Resource Management

Watershed Development


Increasing population pressure, lack of investment and technological progress are taking heavy toll on the quality of productive natural resource base in the sub-tropical region of Keonjhar district of Odisha. Water scarcity, land degradation and productivity loss are major challenges to the eradication of poverty. The rain-fed areas of Keonjhar are characterized by erratic rainfall (though the average annual rainfall is as high as 1300 mm mainly concentrated for few days between June-September resulting in quick runoff and high erosion), frequent droughts; and agricultural production is uncertain and risky on the degraded soils and depleted water resource. Due to these adverse conditions, agricultural productivity and farmers' incomes are low and highly variable.


With this backdrop, two integrated watershed management program is in progress science last 2015 by SGF with support from NABARD under its Watershed Development Fund (WDF) in Banspal block of Keonjhar district.

Wasteland Development (WADI)

The main features of a Wadi model are economic upliftment of the farmers through sustainable agriculture, social empowerment, improvement in quality of life including health and women empowerment in tribal dominated areas of the country. The broad interventions are in the areas of land use planning, soil and water harvesting measures and improved farming based agro-forestry practices. Therefore, Wadi not only strengthens the agrarian livelihoods of the tribal households, but also increases food and nutritional security.
The core objective of promoting wadi programme is to develop tribal and mostly primitive tribal families by providing wadi (small orchard), soil conservation measures, water resources development, health care, income generation programmes for women groups and try to enhance the food and nutrition security of the tribal . A combination of Mango, Sapeta and Teak as a forestry species on the periphery of the land holdings will constitute a WADI. Apart from the WADI, other development interventions in the areas of environment, gender and health, soil conservation in the WADIs, water resource development, agriculture development, women development, health are interlaced around the WADI for overall improvement of Tribal.
The Wadi is representing a unique opportunity for tribal community to get greater control over their own development and management of their natural resources. In practice, however the community needs to develop considerable capacity for self-development to be able to take advantage of these provisions in future.
Most of (more than 500 acres) WADI land belongs to FRA, so the lands are mostly unutilized and uncultivated. They do not get any single return from the said land.

  • First component is to- address capability building of local communities, which would ensure the participation of each family in the programme. Gradually these groups would be taken through intensive training and exposure on improved NRM practices and environmental regeneration.
  • Second component is to- cover 1 acre for new wadi of each family in an orchard programme, which would be based on a farming system approach that includes Horticulture, forestry, intercrops for food and cash income, and intensive cultivation of cash crops. It would take the family as a unit and build on the resources that the family possesses. The approach would ultimately lead to increased agricultural production, augmenting food supply, fodder, fuel, timber and medicines. It would as well ensure improvement of local environment through better water resource development and biomass production.
  • Third component is to- give emphasis on women through creating awareness around community health and broader well being of the community; on landless through creating employment opportunities in farm and non-farm sector.
  • SGF is executing WADI in 907.5 acres of wasteland in 30 tribal villages in Banspal Block of Keonjhar covering a total of 1010 marginal farmers and landless families. Out of it, one project is revival of an earlier incomplete project implemented by PRADAN under TDF of NABARD. The revival programme involved plantation, revival of defunct irrigation systems, asset created under TDF, fencing and the institutional arrangement to get involved in the process to take the initiative forward. This programme has been executed in 307.5 acres of land involving 410 farmers in 18 Villages.
  • Another fresh project of 600 acres has been started during the reporting period in this block involving 600 families belonging to the PVTG Juanga in 12 villages. Activities under the project undertaken are developing small orchards, soil conservation measures, water resources development, health care, income generation programmes for women groups and enhancing the food and nutrition security of the target families. A combination of Mango, Sapeta in the orchard and Teak as forestry species on the periphery of the orchard constitute the WADI. The programme is implemented in partnership with Juanga Development Authority (JDA) and with support from Tribal Development Fund of NABARD. A total of 600 acres of land would be brought under cultivation under this new project.

Farm Mechanization

To encourage the use of efficient tools, implements and machines which raise farm productivity and reduce cost, there is a need of farm mechanization in tribal areas particularly among the small and marginal land holders. Thus, SG Foundation emphasizes on the promotion and popularization of improved agricultural implements, both power-operated and animal drawn. The programmes of farm mechanization have led to the use of farm machinery such as tractors, power tillers, combine harvesters, irrigation equipment, plant protection equipment, threshers, improved implements and hand tools. To decrease the input cost of farmers and increase productivity

With the help of Aditya Birla Group, Agriculture Department and Horticulture department SGF has distributed Tractor, Power tiller, pumps, sprayer and Drip Irrigation system to NINE farmers club from nine villages in the periphery area of ESSEL mining to promote mechanization of the agricultural practices in presence of PD DRDA , DAO-Champua, SGM, CSR, ESSEL MINING.

AGRICULTURAL PROMOTION THROUGH FARMER'S CLUB

Farmers' Club Programme is an appropriate and most suitable strategy for transmitting the latest agriculture techniques to the Farmers' field, orienting them to establish better relationship with banks, adoption of latest post-harvest handling technology, value addition, etc. and enjoy the benefits of collective bargaining power both for procuring inputs and selling their produce.

To address the burning issue of uncertainty in farm based income and farmer's rights, there is a need to act jointly with all the stakeholders, basically with the primary stakeholders. The farmers and SGF with the support of NABARD formed 13 no of farmers club in Telkoi block of Keonjhar in the year 2013.

SGF and Farmers club in partnership with ATMA and RKVY of Agriculture department are involved in mixed cropping (maize+ groundnut), Line Transplanting of Paddy and Maize line sowing in Telkoi block which has helped the farmers to enhance maximize their production .

SGF, NABARD and BANK join their hands to support the farmers in the same block are also being supported for taking up scientific cultivation of TERMERIC in a cluster approach.

MACHAN SYSTEM

THE INOVATION ON TRIPEL LYRE MACHAN SYSTEM OF VEGETABLE CULTIVATION. SGF innovate the triple lyer machan system of horticulture (vegetables) with the support of ADITYA BIRLA GROUP(Essel Mining) at Joda , Keonjhar. Then it has been up scaling by the government department (JUANGA DEVELOPMENT AGENCY) at Gonasika , Keonjhar. In a same patch of land , in a same watering ,same labour the farmers are harvesting the crop in three lyers.

LYER 1- UNDERGROUND- TUBERCROP
LYER 2- ON GROUND- VEGETABLES
LYER 3- ABOVE SIX FIT ON A MACHAN STRUCTURE- CRIPERS

WHY SGF INOVATE IT ??? TO Minimize Infection from the pest: The insects mainly borer or leaf cutter cause severe damage to crops. The pest attack is much higher in soil surface where plants canopy create an ideal microclimate for their multiplication. For this fruits face primary puncture from these insects. Infection from the soil borne pathogens: In the rainy seasons many pathogens (fungus and bacteria) enhance their colonies in the soil. Most of the fungus ( Elenetus signesus. L., Pacterious elegenus L. etc) replicate their primary mycelium in the surface layer of the soil in the high moisture condition (>11%)(Edmunson et al.'07 in Florida). For this, crops suffer more secondary infection from soil born pathogens in rainy season in their fruit sorosis part. For these two reasons, the shape and size of the crops are badly affected and reduces the market price of the crops. Field crop will get moisture for longer time and also spray particles due to the shed .

HOW MACHAN IS A SOLUTION OF THESE ????

  • In Machan system cultivation the crops bear the fruit at least five feet from the soil. So the possibility of the attack of soil borne pathogens and insects is very less. If some attack occur, the application of pesticide is easier as the crops are clearly visible and hanging.
  • In the pre pollination stage the flowers are lined up to the straight sunlight, it enhances the light phase of pre pollination stage and creates at least 80% successful pollination out of the total flower.
  • The leaves of the crops flattened away horizontally on the rope and sting of the Machan. Greater exposure to the sunlight enhances the photosynthesis of the plants. You can spray both front and back side of the leaf.
  • The fruits hang straight horizontally from Machan to the soil. So the geotropic movement of the fruits enhances the size and quality of the crop (Especially for bottle gourd).
  • The other intercultural operations are easier.
  • THE INOVATION ON TRIPEL LYRE MACHAN SYSTEM OF VEGETABLE CULTIVATION GOT SELECTED BY IIT-DELHI FOR INDIA-INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FESTIVAL.