All over the world, around 3 billion people rely on inefficient traditional cook stoves. And As per the census of India 2001,90% of the rural households and 72.3% of the total households in India still rely on solid biofuels for domestic cooking needs in traditional, low-efficiency devices which emits considerable quantities of pollutants.
Odisha is one of the poorest states of India. Modern cooking mediums like LPG gas, electric induction etc. have remained out of reach for most households. Most HHs rely on firewood for cooking which is not only harmful to their health but also has a bigger impact on the environment The major problem with Traditional Chulha is that a lot of smoke is produced inside the house by burning wood, dung, and crop waste. The smoke may cause acute respiratory, ear, and eye infections it also causes breathlessness, chest discomfort, headaches and this can be fatal for children. Around the world many studies, research and development activities are focussed on improving the efficiency of cook stoves, reducing the cost of cooking and to reduce a burden on fuel sources. Initially, the project was run with the collaboration with TERI in 2013.Afterward, SGF along with Nexleaf Analytics installed Improved cook stoves (C2P2 -Carbon Credit Pilot Project). After successful implementation of C2P2, carbon credit project was scaled up with better cook stoves and improved designs of sensor devices. Given Odisha's need for identifying more economical, safer and efficient cooking means, it was identified as an ideal place to implement the C2S2 initiative. In the initial phase of C2S2 Project, ICS and store trace devices were installed in households.
"Improved cook stoves can save lives and amend climate change in order by reducing the carbon emission improving the indoor & outdoor quality of air". "Stove Trace data is being used to get cash payments to rural households for their carbon offsets when they use improved cook stoves"
Through Sensor-Enabled Climate Financing (SCF) model. SGF works with Nexleaf to enable mobile payments from a climate fund to reach the women who use improved cook stoves directly. The data from these households clearly demonstrates sustained usage of clean cook stove with an average of 4.0 hours of cooking per day. We introduced the mobile payments of Climate credits through Vodafone M-pesa.
The pilot phase users have been able to successfully pay back the cost of cook stoves through their Climate credit earnings within 16 months of project implementation. This program is further scaled up to a 1000 households.