Increasing population pressure, lack of investment and technological progress are taking heavy toll on the quality of productive natural resource base in the sub-tropical region of Keonjhar district of Odisha. Water scarcity, land degradation and productivity loss are major challenges to the eradication of poverty. The rain-fed areas of Keonjhar are characterized by erratic rainfall (though the average annual rainfall is as high as 1300 mm mainly concentrated for few days between June-September resulting in quick runoff and high erosion), frequent droughts; and agricultural production is uncertain and risky on the degraded soils and depleted water resource. Due to these adverse conditions, agricultural productivity and farmers' incomes are low and highly variable.
With this backdrop, four integrated watershed management program is in progress since 2015 by SGF with support from NABARD under its Watershed Development Fund (WDF) in Banspal block of Keonjhar district.